The processing of any scientific work, whether bachelor, diploma, dissertation, or otherwise, requires the use of scientific methods. Every discipline has standardized procedures that need to be applied in practice during research. Now we will try to outline a general approach that can be universally applied to most disciplines.
Consider the model situation where we want to create a bachelor’s thesis whose research part deals with the analysis of a specific set of respondents and their opinion or experience with a particular phenomenon under investigation. Probably the most advantageous option is the use of a questionnaire method for obtaining sufficient data in a relatively short time frame.
First, we will learn the maximum amount of information about the chosen research method in the scientific literature. We then quote the most important passages in the description of the research method used in the chapter devoted to the methodology of our work. Subsequently, we can proceed to the creation of the questionnaire itself, and to describe what we are trying to find out through it, when, where and from whom.
It is always necessary to keep in mind that these questions must correspond to the goals of the work we have set. In practice, we mean that we simply do not put unnecessary questions. Completing the questionnaire should be simple, time-saving for the respondent, and the questions should be clear and understandable. We will not forget to add the questionnaire to the numbered attachments of the work.
At work, we don’t just write “Questionnaire, and I gave it to people in the supermarket,” but we’ll use a professional language to describe our own research, and specifically describe the steps. The text may then look like this: “Through appropriately selected closed questionnaire questions, we will obtain data from the selected sample of respondents, whose subsequent analysis and evaluation will fulfill the set research goals, answer research questions and help to test individual hypotheses based on which we can draw conclusions from our research activities ”. It is also advisable to devote sufficient space to the description of the research sample, how we selected it, whether there were any criteria for its selection, in what time frame the research was conducted, where we distributed the questionnaire and so on. If individual research participants were randomly selected, we will also describe this. Also, remember to keep respondents anonymous and protect their personal data.
We then need to process and statistically evaluate the obtained data. Therefore, in the methodology of the work we have to describe which method for data evaluation and their subsequent statistical processing we chose. Here we strongly advise you to follow the professional literature that is available on the market. Most schools also offer students a method of teaching statistical methods and methodology, so it is good to follow the lessons learned as each school may have a little bit different data processing requirements. Finally, it is good to incorporate the results obtained into well-arranged graphs or tables, and to describe the phenomena sufficiently.
If the methodology of your scientific work is a problem even after reading this article, do not hesitate to contact us, we will help you.