How to set the goal of scientific work correctly?

A well-defined research goal is, after a well-chosen topic of work, the most important point in the processing of scientific text. At first glance, it may be a rather trivial matter, but the research goal is something that permeates all of your work, because in doing so, you create the entire theoretical part, and you seek to fulfill it in the practical part. In the defense, the procedure and the way of fulfilling the set research goal is also one of the key topics.

If you choose an inappropriate work topic, the only problem for you may be to find the motivation to start creating the text. However, if you set goals wrong, all of your efforts may be wasted and your work may eventually be defensible. Now we will describe a suitable procedure for setting the goals of the work.

The goal of the submitted text should be unambiguously set out and described in the introduction itself, including a description of the motivation to choose it, etc. You can also find more information on how to write the introduction of scientific work in one of our blog articles.

In practice, it often happens that students try to formulate research goals only after they have collected and analyzed research data. Therefore, they try to tailor it to the results of research. However, this is a bad process, and it can make the whole text constrict, which can ultimately act inconsistently and incomprehensibly. The goal of the work must be set clearly, preferably through a simple sentence or sentence. As part of the research goals, avoid a conditional way like “… what would happen if …”. First of all, this form of formulation is very misleading, and secondly, it can cause considerable formulation difficulties in evaluating the results.

It is also more than appropriate to use the so-called SMART method, which is a relatively well applicable rule whose individual conditions are easy to remember, for the purpose of a suitable research goal formulation. This is a brief description of the features that the goal of the work should always have:

S – SPECIFIC: Specifically, define the problem under investigation and its solution.

M – MEASURABLE: The objective must be able to measure and validate results.

A – ACHIEVEABLE: Set an achievable and reasonable goal. Too much ambition is rather harmful.

R – REALISTIC: It is necessary to have enough information, data, but also experience on the part of the author so that the goal can be fulfilled.

T – TIMED: The target must always be time – bound, set individual targets and deadlines.

In conclusion, it should be noted that your supervisor should help you with the SMART rule and the overall process of setting the research goal of your work. He is your mentor and guide to direct you properly. More about working with a supervisor can be found on our blog.

In case that after reading the above mentioned you have a problem with setting the research goals of the work, do not hesitate to contact us, we will help you.